- LNG as source for natural gas
A cubic metre of natural gas in liquefied form occupies fewer than 0.2 percent of the volume of the fuel in its gaseous state. That is why it is much better to store and transport LNG than gaseous natural gas. For long distances, it is thus more efficient to liquefy the gas and transport it by vessel.
- LNG as fuel for vessels
Compared with diesel and heavy fuel oil, LNG has a much lower impact on climate, environment and health. Natural gas in liquid form occupies six hundred times less volume than when in its gaseous state, which means that enough fuel can be stored in the tank to cover the same distances as when using diesel or heavy fuel oil. Without the need for additional measures, vessels running on LNG satisfy the emission standards for the maritime sector in the North Sea and Baltic Sea, which were tightened in 2015 (SECA). IMO, the UN maritime organisation, stipulates that as of 1 January 2020, vessel fuel may contain no more than 0.5 percent sulphur. LNG meets this standard. Older vessels can be equipped with filters, while for new vessels, LNG is an obvious choice.
- LNG as fuel for trucks
LNG is currently the most environmentally friendly alternative for diesel and heavy fuel oil in the transport sector. It is a promising alternative fuel for the transition to clean transport by truck or vessel. Trucks running on LNG have lower particle, sulphur oxide and CO2 emissions. Using LNG as fuel for gas engines is much quieter than running diesel engines. The difference in noise levels is so significant that trucks running on LNG can be used at night in locations in which they currently can only be used during the day due to noise nuisance.
- LNG for trade
Customers can supply gas from Gate terminal to smaller terminals in Europe. The resupply of gas to LNG carriers takes place because suppliers do not always know the customer, with Gate fulfilling an important network function in this area. The supply and collection of LNG underlines the value of the terminal’s storage opportunities.